Keysight Technologies

AFM E-Seminar Recordings

These recorded seminars feature researchers and experts presenting various AFM/SPM principles, technologies, applications, and performance-optimizing tips.


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Resolution and Research
Running time: 1 hour 4 minutes
April 13, 2010
Speakers: Song Xu, PhD, Agilent Technologies and Jiwen Zheng, Ph.D., Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory, SAIC-Frederick, National Cancer Institute at Frederick


Topic 1: Managing Variables: The Quick Approach to Everyday High Resolution with AFM
This presentation will focus on a systematic approach to achieve high-resolution AFM by managing the variables encountered in everyday operation. For instance, suppose a new and unknown research sample presents ten variables in sample preparation, five variables in tip selection, and ten variables in imaging parameters. The 500 compounded variables make it difficult and time consuming to obtain good quality data. However, employing a systematic approach to fix the variables and manage the unknown factors can greatly reduce time and effort. Real research examples (i.e., AC mode imaging of protein and nanoparticles, contact mode imaging of atomic steps in air and in fluid) will be discussed.

Topic 2: Cancer Nanotechnology: Preclinical Characterization
Advances in nanotechnology research are bringing about radical changes in the early detection, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer. Many nano-medicines for targeted drug delivery have matured beyond the discovery phase of research. Such targeted nano-drug delivery systems can minimize drug dose as well as reduce systemic toxicity and the adverse side effects of chemotherapeutics, thereby increasing overall therapeutic.


Basics for Biology
Running time: 1 hour 10 minutes
March 30, 2010
Speakers: Song Xu, PhD, Agilent Technologies, Inc. and Dr. Dong Han, China Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology


Topic 1: Back to Basics for High Resolution Imaging
We hear comments from AFM researchers about the difficulties to obtain high resolution. Many AFM operators often jump into an unknown samples with a familiar cantilever and parameters, they often start to experience time consuming difficulties to achieve good resolution. This presentation focuses on 5 systematic steps in order to approach high resolution imaging in a every day AFM operation.

Topic 2: Applications of MAC Mode for Imaging in Liquid
Atomic Force Microscopes is a powerful analytical instrument for life sciences. It can be used to obtain highly accurate nanometer-scale images in liquid if you use the correct techniques. Prof. Liau will discuss using MAC Mode in liquid on very sticky, soft biology samples and give many examples if live cell samples.


I Know I Can, But Should I
Running time: 53 minutes
March 16, 2010
Speakers: Jenny Hay, Agilent Technologies, Jing-Jiang Yu, Agilent Technologies


AFM and Nanoindenting: The Pros and Cons of Stretching Functionality
AFMs are specially designed for high-resolution imaging, and Nanoindenters (NI) are specially designed for measuring mechanical properties. However, because AFMs and NIs share some operating principles, their functions have some degree of crossover. We will address the pros & Cons of using one type of instrument to perform the intended function of the other.


Resolution and Research
Running time: 58 minutes
March 4, 2010
Speakers: Song Xu, PhD, Agilent Technologies; Anil K. Patri, Ph.D., Deputy Director, Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory, National Cancer Institute


Topic 1: Managing Variables: The Quick Approach to Everyday High Resolution with AFM
This presentation will focus on a systematic approach to achieve high-resolution AFM by managing the variables encountered in everyday operation. For instance, suppose a new and unknown research sample presents ten variables in sample preparation, five variables in tip selection, and ten variables in imaging parameters. The 500 compounded variables make it difficult and time consuming to obtain good quality data. However, employing a systematic approach to fix the variables and manage the unknown factors can greatly reduce time and effort. Real research examples (i.e., AC mode imaging of protein and nanoparticles, contact mode imaging of atomic steps in air and in fluid) will be discussed

Topic 2:Cancer Nanotechnology: Preclinical Characterization
Advances in nanotechnology research are bringing about radical changes in the early detection, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer. Many nano-medicines for targeted drug delivery have matured beyond the discovery phase of research. Such targeted nano-drug delivery systems can minimize drug dose as well as reduce systemic toxicity and the adverse side effects of chemotherapeutics, thereby increasing overall therapeutic efficacy. This presentation will provide a general overview of our preclinical work with special emphasis on physico-chemical characterization.


Understanding and Choosing the Correct Cantilever for Your Application
Running time: 66 minutes
May 13, 2009
Speakers: Oliver Krause, PhD NanoWorld Group; Arvind Raman, PhD -Purdue University


"Probe Manufacturing - Why Probes Look the Way They Do"
In this seminar, Dr Krause will explain the reason why probes have many shapes, the different probe types that are available and what extra refinements can be done for various applications. This seminar will also give you a guide line of how to choose the correct probe for your application.

"VEDA: a free online simulation tool for the AFM community"
VEDA (Virtual environment for dynamic AFM) is a suite of free, cyber-enabled tools available on www.nanohub.org that simulate tapping mode AFM using magnetic/acoustic excitation (MAC/AAC) on organic and inorganic surfaces in liquids as well as ambient conditions. In this seminar, a brief introduction to the tools and their use in choosing cantilevers and operating conditions for optimal imaging will be presented


Identifying Artifacts and Optimizing AFM Images
Running time: 64 minutes
April 30, 2009
Speakers: Paul West, PhD. & Gilbert Min, PhD, Agilent Technologies


Identifying unwanted artifacts is essential for correct interpretation of images measured with an AFM. This presentation outlines the primary sources of artifacts in images and how the artifacts appear in AFM images. We will discuss the options that may exist to eliminate them or to reduce their impact on your measurements. We will demonstrate how to filter images for enhanced visualization and ways to improve the accuracy of a measurement. We will also discuss the use of post processing software for image data analysis, filtering for high-quality images, and filtering for metrological data.


Seeing the Nanostructure of DNA and Proteins
Running time: 56 minutes
April 21, 2009
Speakers: Wael Mamdouh, PhD University of Aarhus, Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center (iNANO); Gerald Kada, PhD, Sr. Scientist, Agilent Technologies


Designing & Imaging DNA Nanostructure
We investigate the self-assembly of artificial DNA structures and arrays into predesigned nanoarchitectures on surfaces in order to characterize and explore their basic properties by using scanning tunneling microscope (STM) and atomic force microscope (AFM). This presentation will focus on the unique ability of scanning probe microscope (SPM) technique to visualize self-assembled DNA/RNA nucleobases at the liquid/solid interface by STM with submolecular resolution and more complex two-dimensional (2D) DNA nanostructures by AFM. Wael will also demonstrate a user-friendly software package that iNANO developed for designing DNA origami structures and demonstrate its use by the design of a dolphin-like DNA origami structure.

Elucidating Structure and Function of Proteins with AFM
Proteins, among the most essential parts of organisms, have structural or mechanical functions & are important agents in cell signaling and cell adhesion, or act as enzymes in catalytic processes. The high mechanical sensitivity makes the AFM a perfect tool for imaging proteins in their native environment and thereby resolving fine structural details. This e-Seminar will show examples of high resolution imaging of proteins under physiological conditions, including multi-frequency techniques, as well as force spectroscopy for measuring intra- and inter-molecular interactions leading to kinetic and thermodynamic information of protein-related systems.


Single Molecule Conductance of DNA Bases and Sequencing by Tunneling; Imaging Nucleic Acids with the AFM
Running time: 56 minutes
April 8, 2009
Speakers: Stuart Lindsay, PhD Arizona State University, Edward and Nadine Carson Professor of Physics and Chemistry Biodesign Institute; W. Travis Johnson, PhD, Research Scientists, Agilent Technologies


Single Molecule Conductance of DNA Bases and Sequencing by Tunneling
The scanning probe microscope is a great tool for measuring the conductance of single molecules. Tunneling current measurements are sensitive to the hydrogen bonding between base-pairs, while measurements of the conductance of base-nucleoside pairs yields a value for their absolute conductance, opening the way to design of a device that sequences DNA by means of tunneling measurements.

“Imaging Nucleic Acids with the AFM”
Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) can be used to obtain highly accurate, nanometer scale images of nucleic acids, including DNA and RNA, in air or in physiological conditions. This makes the AFM a powerful analytical tool to study the structure and function of DNA. In this seminar the study of nucleic acids via AFM will be discussed and explored.


Imaging in Liquids with AFM
Running time: 63 minutes
March 26, 2009
Speakers: Arvind Raman, PhD Purdue University, School of Mechanical Engineering; W. Travis Johnson, PhD Research Scientist, Agilent Technologies


"VEDA: a free online simulation tool for the AFM community"
VEDA (Virtual environment for dynamic AFM) is a suite of free, cyber-enabled tools available on www.nanohub.org that simulate tapping mode AFM using magnetic/acoustic excitation (MAC/AAC) on organic and inorganic surfaces in liquids as well as ambient conditions. In this seminar, a brief introduction to the tools and their use in choosing cantilevers and operating conditions for optimal imaging will be presented.

"Imaging in Liquids with AFM"
Unlike competing nanoscale imaging techniques, Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) can be used to obtain high resolution images of samples under a wide variety of environments. This includes air, reactive or inert gases, solvents, aqueous buffers and even cell growth media; the latter two of which are critical to maintain the viability of many biological samples. In this seminar, the advantages and some of the challenges of imaging samples under liquids will be presented


Expanding Characterization of Materials with Kelvin Force Microscopy
Running time: 66 minutes
March, 12, 2009
Speakers: Sergei Magonov, PhD Senior Research Scientist, Agilent Technologies


The high-resolution single-pass Kelvin force microscopy will be introduced and its applications to different materials (metals, semiconductors, organic systems, etc) will be presented.


AFM Imaging in Liquids
Running time: 39 minutes
May 7, 2008
Speakers: David Kaftan, PhD University of South Bohemia & Gerald Kada PhD Agilent Technologies


Attaining high resolution AFM images in liquid can be challenging. This seminar will discuss AFM imaging techniques for soft samples in aqueous buffers and how to obtain detailed structural information for biological samples in their native, physiological environments - For example, nucleic acids, proteins, lipids, eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells and subcellular structures.


AFM Image Optimization
Running time: 61 minutes
December, 16, 2008
Speakers: Michael Serry, Gilbert Min, Agilent Technologies, Inc.


Collect the best AFM images possible! This seminar will address key topics such as recognizing a reasonable image; a low-fidelity image; or an image that is useless because it has many artifacts. It will identify some common artifacts, and the options that may exist to eliminate them or to reduce their impact on your measurements We will demonstrate how to filter images for enhanced visualization and ways to improve the accuracy of a measurement. We will also discuss the use of post processing software for image data analysis, filtering for high-quality images, and filtering for metrological data.


AFM Imaging in Liquids
Running time: 65 minutes
November 7, 2007
Speakers: Travis Johnson, PhD, Agilent Technologies and Stuart Lindsay, PhD ASU


Attaining high resolution AFM images in liquid can be challenging. This seminar will discuss AFM imaging techniques for soft samples in aqueous buffers and how to obtain detailed structural information for biological samples in their native, physiological environments - For example, nucleic acids, proteins, lipids, eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells and subcellular structures.


New Frontiers in Soft Materials Imaging
Running time: 58 minutes
October, 28, 2008
Speakers: Srinivas Manne, PhD Department. of Physics, University of Arizona; Jing Jiang Yu, PhD., Agilent Technologies, Inc.


Session 1 - Detecting Gas Flow and Diffusion in Two and Three Dimensions by AFM
Molecular gases, whether flowing freely in 3D or diffusing on an adsorbate surface in 2D, represent the ultimate in "soft matter" and a challenge for probe microscopy. This presentation demonstrates that the viscous drag between the imaging tip and the gas phase can serve as a contrast mechanism to image and quantify gas transport in 2D and 3D. LFM is used to detect sparsely adsorbed amphiphile films (down to few % of a monolayer) and to measure their diffusion rates through holes created in enclosing monolayer corrals. Hydrodynamic AFM is used to profile 3D gas microflows through ~100 nm pores and to map the gas permeability across nanoporous samples. We briefly discuss applications in separation science, microfluidics and nanochemistry.

Session 2 - Regulating the Surface Reaction Mechanism via an AFM-based Approach
Organodithiols on noble metals offer a promising means of generating organic thin films exhibiting reactive SH groups if molecules attach to the substrate through only one end and adopt a standing-up configuration. However, the adsorbed dithiol layers, when prepared from the widely used natural growth approach, usually yield unexpected lying-down or looped alkanedithiolates on surface due to the binding of both SH end groups. Using self-assembly of ,-alkanedithiols on gold as an example, it will demonstrate that surface reaction pathway can be controlled and regulated via an AFM-based approach, and thus to yield a preferred surface reaction product.


AFM Image Optimization & Studies of Local Electric Properties
Running time: 63 minutes
April 10, 2008
Speaker: Sergei Magonov PhD, Agilent Technologies

Optimization of Imaging in Atomic Force Microscopy -General aspects of imaging in contact and oscillatory modes will be discussed with emphasis on rational analysis of AFM images. Dependence of AFM images on experimental parameters will be reviewed. Introduction to Studies of Local Electric Properties with Atomic Force Microscopy - AFM measurements of the local electric properties are known for almost 20 years, current interest in these applications is driven by improved electronic detection and development of new modes. Single-pass techniques (Electric Force Microscopy, Kevin Force Microscopy, Scanning Piezoresponse Microscopy, etc.) offering new capabilities for visualization local charges, conducting paths, dopant mapping will be reviewed.


Electromagnetic Materials Measurements at High Spatial Resolution
Running time: 64 minutes
August 7, 2008
Speakers: Craig Wall, Ph.D., Agilent Technologies, Inc. Hassan Tanbakuchi, Ph.D. Agilent Labs


One-hour AFM eSeminar focusing on a brand new, highly sensitive imaging technique, scanning microwave microscopy (SMM) mode. This is the first and only imaging method to combine the calibrated, complex electrical measurement capabilities of a microwave performance network analyzer (PNA) with the outstanding spatial resolution of an atomic force microscope. SMM Mode outperforms traditional AFM-based scanning capacitance microscopy techniques, offering far greater application versatility, the ability to acquire quantitative results for complex impedance, calibrated dopant density and capacitance, and the highest sensitivity and dynamic range in the industry.


Higher Harmonic Imaging with AFM
Running time: 37 minutes
May 28, 2008
Speakers: Peter Hinterdorfer,PhD University of Linz & Gerald Kada Agilent Technologies


Learn all about the utilization of this exciting new imaging mode for surface characterization and life science studies! At this seminar, we will discuss how harmonic imaging works, the range of information it can provide about your sample, and harmonic-related data collection and analysis.


Sample Preparation for AFM
Running time: 57 minutes
March 27, 2008
Speakers: David Allison PhD University of Tennessee, Knoxville & Song Xu PhD Agilent Technologies


Proper sample preparation is a prelude to AFM imaging success! This seminar will cover many important aspects of sample preparation, including how to calculate the correct concentration of a sample, how to prepare living cells for imaging in liquid, and how to affix a sample to a puck for imaging in air. Common misconceptions concerning sample preparation will also be discussed.


Modern Trends in AFM for Polymers
Running time: 75 minutes
October 24, 2007
Speakers: Russell Composto, PhD University of Pennsylvania & Sergei Magonov, PhD Agilent Technologies


Recently, the strong interest in nanoscale polymer science has advanced AFM techniques and its applications. The seminar will examine samples in different environments/temperatures and how to get structural and compositional information at scales down to atomic dimensions.


Choosing the Correct Cantilever for Your Application
Running time: 70 minutes
October 18, 2007
Speakers: Philip Russell PhD Appalachian State University & Sergei Magonov PhD Agilent Technologies


Choosing the correct cantilever can be very confusing and waste your valuable research time. This seminar will help you understand the types of cantilevers on the market and explain how to choose the best one for your samples and how to optimize data.